Unfortunately many Pagans are accused of lacking morals and their moral beliefs of Pagans and, more specifically in the US Wiccans, is very misunderstood. No matter what form of Paganism you are referring to, most can agree that the morality of Paganism as a whole is correctly expressed in the Wiccan Rede: ‘An it harm none, do what ye will’. While this statement can be interpreted in many different ways including to mean “do no harm at all,” but this is more typically interpreted as an affirmation of ones freedom to act, combined with the requirement of taking responsibility for one’s actions.
Pagan morality is also expressed in the Threefold Law, which states that whatever one does to another person, animal, item, living being of any sort, non-living item of any sort or an action or intense thought will return with triple force to you. Simply, if you do a positive act that you will receive positivity three times greater than your action and should you do a negative action that the negativity will also come back to you three times greater than your original negative action.
The Wiccan Rede is very different from other moral codes (such as the Christian and Islamic idea of sin) in the fact that, although it contains a prohibition, its largely an encouragement to act freely. Its typically thought that the prohibition against harm would also cover harm to ones self. Also, it is important to note that the word “Rede” actually means advice, making the Rede less than law that must be followed and more of advice that it is recommended. One of the common beliefs among Pagans is that no bit of magic, should never be performed on, to or for, any other person with out that person’s direct consent. This comes from the understanding that the magic could interfere with that person’s free will and could potentially do harm.
The Wiccan Rede’s exact origin is unknown, the earliest mention of it was by Doreen Valiente in a meeting held by the magazine “Pentagram”. Gerald Gardner has compared this moral code of Pagans with the ethics of the fabled King Pausol that states “Do what you like so long as you harm no one”. The similarity of the phrasing of the Rede suggests that the statement is at least partially based on the Law of Thelema by occultist Aleister Crowley that states “Do what thou wilt is the whole of the Law. Love is the law, love under will”, which derived from Rabelais’ phrase “fay çe que vouldras” (“Do what thou wilt”). Although the wording of the Rede may have been influenced by the Law of Thelema, there are many significant differences between the two. The Law of Thelema has no statement concerning harmful actions, and the Thelemites consider “True Will” to be the will of your higher self, which leads you on to different interpretations of the moral statement of “do what you will” than that of the Wiccan Rede implies.
Many hereditary Pagans (those who’s Pagan path is and has been a family tradition) also follow a set of 161 laws, commonly known as the Ardanes. A common complaint about these laws is that they represent a different time and contain outdated concepts.
Clearly, Pagans do have a strong set of morals and have many sets of rules, laws and advise to follow, but due to the differences in the religions within the Pagan umbrella and that of the Christian umbrella the thought that Pagan’s are moraless continues blindly.